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Word of the Day:October 19, 2022

writhe

扭动;翻滚

verb /RYTHE/ [ra?e]

What It Means

Writhe means “to twist.” The word is often used when the body or a bodily part is twisting, and especially when it is twisting in pain.

Writhe的意思是“ to twist「扭曲」.当身体或身体的某个部位扭曲时,这个词经常被使用,特别是指扭曲下的疼痛。

WRITHE in Context

“These recently-introduced earthworms go by many nicknames: Asian jumping worms, crazy worms, wood eels, Alabama jumpers or snake worms. Native to eastern Asia and first found in Wisconsin in 2013, jumping worms may wriggle like snakes and writhe violently when touched, launching themselves into the air. Like some lizards, they can shed their tails to escape predators.” — Alison Mitchell, The New Jersey Conservation Foundation (njconservation.org), 1 Sep. 2022

这些最近引人注目的蚯蚓有很多别名:Asian jumping worms, crazy worms, wood eels, Alabama jumpers or snake worms. 原产于东亚,于 2013 年在威斯康星州第一次发现,跳跃的蠕虫可能会像蛇一样蠕动,当它们被触摸时,它们会剧烈将自己弹入空中。 像蜥蜴一样,它们可以从尾巴上逃脱捕食者。

After suffering an injury during the game, he lay on the football field, writhing in pain.

比赛中受伤后,他躺在足球场上,疼得直打滚。

Did You Know?

Writhe wound its way to us from the Old English verb wrīthan, meaning “to twist,” and that ancestral meaning lives on in the word’s current uses, most of which have to do with twists of one kind or another. Among the oldest of these uses is the meaning “to twist into coils or folds,” but in modern use writhing is more often about the physical contortions of one suffering from debilitating pain or attempting to remove oneself from a tight grasp (as, say, a snake from a hawk’s talons). The word is also not infrequently applied to the twisting bodies of dancers. The closest relation of writhe in modern English lacks any of the painful connotations often present in writhe: wreath comes from Old English writha, which shares an ancestor with wrīthan.

Writhe 从古英语动词 wrīthan 得来的,意思是to twist「扭曲」祖传的含义仍然存在于当前的用法中,其中大部分与这样或那样的扭曲有关。 最古老的用法之一是to twist into coils or folds「扭成团或扭在一起」但在现代用法中,writhing 更常见的是,由于极度疼痛或试图摆脱紧紧抓住和扭曲身体(as, say, a snake from a hawk’s talons )。 这个词也常用于舞者扭曲的姿势。 现代英语中和 writhe 最紧密的词,它缺少writhe 与疼痛有关的常见含义:wreath 来自古英语 writha,它与 wrīthan 有共同的祖先。

Name That Synonym

Fill in the blanks to complete a synonym of writhe: s_ _ i _ m.

squirm

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